Какво е ГНУ/Линукс?

Когато чуете думата Линукс, може да се помислите за брадати програмисти, пишещи неясен код на черен екран. Добри новини! Нещата се промениха.

Общ преглед

GNU/Linux is an operating system, a large piece of software that manages a computer. It is similar to Microsoft Windows, but it is entirely free. The accurate name is GNU/Linux but "Linux" is used more often.

GNU/Linux is not one company's product, but a number of companies and groups of people contribute to it. In fact, the GNU/Linux system is a core component, which is branched off into many different products. They are called distributions.

Distributions change the appearance and function of GNU/Linux completely. They range from large, fully supported complete systems (endorsed by companies) to lightweight ones that fit on a USB memory stick or run on old computers (often developed by volunteers).

Using GNU/Linux

GNU/Linux is no harder to use than Windows, and has many more capabilities. It just takes a dozen minutes to get familiar with a distribution like the ones we recommend for newcomers, which come in with many programs installed.

If you need commercial-quality software to work with business documents, Internet/networking, or multimedia and graphics, it's there right out of the box. Want more than that? GNU/Linux can do – there are many hundreds of free, high quality applications you can find, install and uninstall neatly and easily.

You shouldn't assume however, that GNU/Linux is a clone of Windows. To know what to expect when stepping into it, we suggest you read our Making the switch page.

По-широката картина

When you get a distribution of GNU/Linux, you also get the freedom to study, copy, change, and redistribute it – that's what makes it truly free software.

Many companies develop their own operating system based on the core GNU software: products they do not have exclusive rights on. How does the wheel turn?

  • Повечето компании получават печалба, продавайки поддръжка и услуги за своята ГНУ/Линукс дистрибуция. Корпоративните клиенти плащат за гарантираното актуализиране на защитата и помощ. Списъкът с услугите често включва обучение и подобряване на поръчаният софтуер.
  • Some companies, such as HP or IBM, contribute to GNU/Linux because they pre-install it on servers they sell.
  • Изключително широка общност участва в разработването и усъвършенстването на софтуера, намаляването на разходите и подобряването на ефективността.

В края на краищата, индивидуалните потребители често получават софтуера безплатно, а корпоративните клиенти често са щастливи да плащат за по-повече поддръжка.